In all of these archaeological sites , Maya rituals were held at dawn led by shamans and Maya priests. An additional 10, people visited Teotihuacan near Mexico City , which is not a Maya site.
The fire ceremony at Tikal was held at dawn in the main plaza of the Temple of the Great Jaguar. The ceremony was led by Guatemalan and foreign priests. During the ceremony the priests asked for unity, peace and the end of discrimination and racism, with the hope that the start of a new cycle will be a "new dawn". About 3, people participated in the event.
Most of these events were organized by agencies of the Mexican and Central American governments, and their respective tourism industries expected to attract thousands of visitors. A spokesman from the Conference of Maya Ministers commented that for them the Tikal ceremony is not a show for tourists but something spiritual and personal. The secretary of the Great Council of Ancestral Authorities commented that living Maya felt they were excluded from the activities in Tikal.
This group held a parallel ceremony, and complained that the date has been used for commercial gain. In addition, before the main Tikal ceremony, about Maya protested the celebration because they felt excluded. Most modern Maya were indifferent to the ceremonies, and the small number of people still practising ancient rites held solemn, more private ceremonies. Osvaldo Gomez, a technical advisor to the Tikal site, complained that many visitors during the celebration had illegally climbed the stairs of the Temple of the Masks , causing "irreparable" damage.
Santos was subsequently arrested. In Bolivia , President Evo Morales participated in Quechua and Aymara rituals, organized with government support, to commemorate the Southern solstice that took place in Isla del Sol , in the southern part of Lake Titicaca.
During the event, Morales proclaimed the beginning of " Pachakuti ", meaning the world's wake up to a culture of life and the beginning of the end to wild capitalism, and he proposed to dismantle the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. In the United States, sales of private underground blast shelters increased noticeably after , with many construction companies' advertisements calling attention to the apocalypse. The phenomenon was discussed or referenced in several media. Several TV documentaries, as well as some contemporary fictional references to the year , referred to 21 December as the day of a cataclysmic event.
Hundreds of books were published on the topic. In cinema, the disaster film was inspired by the phenomenon, and advance promotion prior to its release included a stealth marketing campaign in which TV spots and websites from the fictional "Institute for Human Continuity" called on people to prepare for the end of the world. As these promotions did not mention the film itself, many viewers believed them to be real and contacted astronomers in panic. The phenomenon also inspired several rock and pop music hits.
As early as , " A Certain Shade of Green " by Incubus referred to the mystical belief that a shift in perception would arrive in "Are you gonna stand around till A. Towards mid-December , an internet hoax related to South Korean singer Psy being one of the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse was widely circulated around social media platforms. The hoax purported that once Psy's " Gangnam Style " YouTube video amassed a billion views, the world would end.
Rahman , known for Slumdog Millionaire , released his single " Infinite Love " to "instill faith and optimism in people" prior to the predicted doomsday. A number of brands ran commercials tied to the apocalypse in the months and days leading to the date. In February , American automotive company General Motors aired an advertisement during the annual Super Bowl football game in which a group of friends drove Chevrolet Silverados through the ruins of human civilization following the apocalypse, while on 17 December , Jell-O ran an ad saying that offering Jell-O to the Mayan gods would appease them into sparing the world.
John Verret, Professor of Advertising at Boston University , questioned the utility of tying large sums of money to such a unique and short-term event. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Range of eschatological beliefs surrounding the date 21 December For general information on this day, see December Maitreya Three Ages. Olivet Discourse Sheep and Goats. Four Horsemen Antichrist. Historicism Futurism. Second Coming Islamic eschatology. Kalki Kali Yuga Shiva. Death Resurrection Last Judgement.
Messianism Book of Daniel Kabbalah. Li Hong. Frashokereti Saoshyant.source link
The Day the World Didn’t End: Remember the Apocalypse? - erexid.tk
End times Apocalypticism. Millenarianism Last Judgment. Gog and Magog Messianic Age.
Main article: Mesoamerican Long Count calendar. Main article: Nibiru cataclysm. The reason for the number's importance is uncertain, though correlations to the phases of the moon and to the human gestation period have been suggested. Some Mayanist scholars, such as Michael D. Which of these is the precise correlation has yet to be conclusively settled. He revised it to "11 January AD " in the 2nd edition of his book,  not settling on 23 December until the 3rd edition. MacDonald, G.
Jeffrey USA Today. Robert K. Sitler February Retrieved 25 December Agence France-Presse.
Archived from the original on 21 December Retrieved 22 December Archibold 21 December The New York Times. Not Just Yet".
Huffington Post. The New York Times Magazine.
Maya prophecy (2012)
New York: Section 6, p. Retrieved 18 May Retrieved 28 October Jeffrey MacDonald 27 March Retrieved 14 October Archived from the original PDF on 15 February Retrieved 12 December Archived from the original on 11 August Archived from the original on 22 February Retrieved 26 February Scherer American Journal of Physical Anthropology. Annual Review of Anthropology. Dartmouth College. Archived PDF from the original on 11 June Retrieved 26 May Archived from the original on 10 February Retrieved 2 March Tulane University.
Archived from the original on 18 April National Geographic. Retrieved 11 May Prensa Libre. Archived from the original on 10 January Retrieved 1 January Maya Decipherment. Retrieved 29 May Retrieved 6 July In Grube, Nikolai ed. Maya: Divine Kings of the Rainforest. Saturno; David Stuart; Anthony F.
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